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  • identification and life cycle

    The bed bug, cimex lectularius, is the most common of bed bug species. These small insects are usaully acive at night when people are sleeping and feed on human blood. Bed bugs are not known to transmit diseases, and are sometimes mistaken for spider beetles, roaches and ticks.

    Bed bugs are approximately 1/4 inch in size with flat oval bodies, long thin legs and antennae. They are reddish brown in color, and have a long segmented proboscis (beak) that extends forward when taking a blood meal. The young nymphs resemble the adults but are a light, translucent color.

    Bed bugs must feed on blood in order to grow and the females need blood to develop eggs. She lays her eggs in secluded areas, depositing 1 to 5 a day and 500 during her one year lifetime. The eggs are tiny, whitish and hard to see on most surfaces. Oftentimes, the eggs are compared to a small sesame seed or a small grain of rice. Without feeding, nymphs can survive for months, while adults can survive for more than a year. They complete five growth stages from an egg to an adult in approximately 1 month.

    Bed bugs can look different depending on their feeding status. An unfed adult bed bug can appear flat, once it takes a blood meal it plumps up like an elongated balloon and becomes a bright red color.

  • habits and damage

    Bed bugs are great hitchhikers and unknowingly can be carried indoors on clothing, furniture and luggage. They cannot fly or jump, but instead crawl, and will often hide in cracks and crevices in furniture, floors, picture frames, and walls where they cannot be disturbed.

    Bed bugs are attracted to CO₂ produced by breathing and body heat from the host up 3 feet away or less. Like all insects, the bed bug has its skeleton on the outside of their body and needs to shed its ecoskeleton in order to grow.

    Signs of an infestation may be found along mattress seams, wood frames of the box spring, bedding, behind head-boards, electrical outlets, behind hanging pictures on walls inside the holes for set-in screws, along the tops of baseboards, and under the edges of carpeting. Some individuals may develop an itchy, red welt and swelling that may take a few days to develop after being bitten.

  • common signs of bed bugs

    1. Live Bed Bugs. May be seen in multiple life stages from nymph to adult.
    2. Black fecal spots. Small black marks (specks) at first glance can look like mold or mildew.
    3. Cast Skins. Left behind by nymphs that have molted.
    4. Eggs & Eggshells. Can be about the size of a head of a pin and are a translucent pearl-white color.
  • prevention and management

    The best strategy for controlling bed bugs is early detection. An Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program can help to control or reduce bed bug infestations.

    Bed bugs can hide in many places such as in the seams of mattresses, box springs, bed frames, outlets, and behind wall-hung picture frames. Recognizing the early signs of an infestation is your best defense in controlling bed bugs.

    The following steps can be taken to help control and/or detect a potential problem with bed bugs.

    • Vacuum suitcases after returning from a trip.
    • Do not take home mattresses, bed frames or upholstered furniture found on the street.
    • Check all used or rented furniture for bed bugs.
    • Dark reddish spots on sheets and bedding may indicate a bed bug feeding.
    • Be aware of unexplained bites you may find in the morning.
    • Seal cracks and crevices around window, door, crown and floor moldings.
    • Encase mattresses and box springs in a cover that is “bed bug” rated. Check periodically for rips & tears.
    • Vacuum carpets, floors, bed frames & crevices daily. Empty vacuum and dispose outside of home.
    • Reduce clutter where bed bugs can hide.
    • Do not attempt to self-treat for bed bugs. Call a pest management professional. Unreported and uncontrolled bed bugs can spread quickly.

  • about our company

    we kill the bugs where they live and breed

    At First Rate Solutions Inc., we are proud to be one of New York’s premiere pest control companies that has provided superior service to clients for nearly two decades. As a full service company, we provide pro-active pest control solutions and client education to prevent pests from invading your property before they become a problem.

    Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

    We take an innovative and environmentally responsible approach to pest management. We effectively identify, prevent/control and monitor the pest invading your property with long-lasting assurance for a pest-free environment.

    Protectors of our Environment

    Our company policy here at First Rate Solutions Inc. is to apply effective and environmentally responsible solutions. Because every environment is different, we carefully select products for our customer’s individual needs based on their surroundings for maximum results.

    Certifications & Memberships

    ACE- Associate Certified Entomologist
    ESA – Entomological Society of America
    NESDCA -National Entomology Scent Detection Canine Association
    NWCOA- National Wildlife Control Operators Association
    NYSDEC- New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
    NPMA –National Pest Management Association
    NYPMA- New York Pest Management Association
    PPMA – Professional Pest Management Alliance

    Our Guarantee

    We stand behind our work. Should any problems arise after completion of the job, we will return for no extra charge, completely hassle-free. Ask for details.